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Medicinal Leech : Hirudinaria manillensis
Medicinal leech is a species of leech used for medical purposes. The world has about 650 species of leech, some are water leeches and some are land leeches. Among the 650 species, only 3 species can be used as medicinal leeches. They are Hirudo medicinalis from European regions, Hirudinaria manillensis from Asian regions, and Haementeria ghilianii from Amazon.
Indonesia is part of Asia, therefore the leeches here are Hirudinaria manillensis.
Hirudinaria manillensis is in the same family with Hirudo. Both are hermaphrodite (have both male and female sex organs) creatures, posses the precious Hirudin, and both are for medicinal purposes. These leeches feed mainly on blood, but also like to eat worms, insect larvae, and other small forms of animal life.
The world’s leech demand is increasing tremendously, expecially for medicinal purposes. That’s why LeechForSale.com is here to provide leeches worldwide.
Hirudinaria manillensis leech is cross barred with brown and black, can grow to eight inches (20cm) in length. The medicinal leech has a sucker at each end of the underside of its body. The sucker at one end contains the animal’s mouth. The other sucker acts as a suction cup when the leech attaches itself to its victim.
Once attached, the leech slashes its victim’s skin with its sharp teeth and sucks the blood. The leech injects into the wound a substance (Hirudin) that keep blood from clotting. A leech can ingest up to five times its weight in blood and then live up to 6 months without food. The mouth of the leech has three jaws, each of which has about 100 tiny teeth. It also has a posterior suction device for its stability.
Why prefer Hirudinaria than Hirudo?
Substances in Leech’s Saliva
1. Hirudin : enters the coagulant (gore) and helps it come out from the bite.
Ethic in Using Medicinal Leech